About City Limits
City Limits is a non-profit, award-winning news organization that publishes investigative reporting, commentary and multimedia and has covered urban affairs in New York City since 1976.
City Limits Partner
Matthew J. Perlman
Bryan Koenig, Jenny Hollander and Whitney Light
Charu Sudan Kasturi
Doubts on Hate-Crime Laws Amid Rash of Anti-Gay Crimes
Opponents Of Over-Policing Target 'Vague Laws'
Jostling, along with Criminal Trespassing, Disorderly Conduct, Loitering for the Purpose of Engaging in a Prostitution Offense and several other New York State laws contain broad and equivocal wording. Punishments for the above violations and crimes can potentially including jail time and heavy fines. Timothy Sandefur, the principal attorney of The Pacific Legal Foundation, condemns the serious consequences resulting from many vague laws on the federal and state level. "Vagueness," he wrote in a 2010 Forbes op-ed "turns the law into a sword dangling over citizens' heads."