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While the Act formalizes reporting on police and safety officer actions in relation to school safety incidents, it does not compel schools to report all safety incidents, which some schools and school leaders may be reluctant to disclose. Schools that do disclose all incidents risk looking unsafe or dangerous. (All criminal incidents must, by law, be reported to authorities, but sub-criminal situations, from insubordination and verbal disrespect to doodling on desks and cutting class, are reported at the school's discretion.)

The Act does not address a core issue--whether police should, in fact, be in the city schools. Nor does it link reporting data to individual schools, instead organizing reporting by NYPD Patrol District.

And it does not legislate reporting on students who are discharged from schools, of their own volition or as a result of repeated suspensions or exclusions from school. Evaluating the "pushout" phenomenon, subject of a 2003 and subsequent lawsuits by Advocates for Children, is not part of the Student Safety Act but deserves serious study, advocates and legal experts say.